Numerical simulation of in-flight icing/de-icing

Héloïse Beaugendre (Bordeaux)

Ice release is of concern to aircraft manufacturers due to the potential damage that the ice debris can cause on aircraft components. Impact of large ice fragments on downstream aerodynamic surfaces and ingestion by aft mounted engines must be considered during the aircraft certification process. It is typically the result of ice accumulation on unprotected surfaces, ice accretions downstream of ice protected areas, or ice growth on surfaces due to delayed activation of ice protection systems (IPS) or IPS failure. This raises the need for accurate ice trajectory simulation tools to support pre-design, design and certification phases while improving cost efficiency. High-fidelity models involve fully coupled time-accurate aerodynamic and flight mechanics simulations and thus require the use of emerging simulation tools, such as approaches based on immersed boundary methods. Some improvements and new developments made in the context of high-fidelity models involved in the simulation of ice block trajectories are described.